DATA DOCTORS

This is what you need to know about security for Windows 11

Oct 16, 2021, 7:00 AM
(Pixabay Photo)...
(Pixabay Photo)
(Pixabay Photo)

Q: What are TPM and Secure Boot that Windows 11 is requiring?

A: As the buzz around Windows 11 continues to grow, Microsoft has taken steps to ensure what it calls “The most secure version of Windows ever.”

Internet-connected devices are in a constant battle with potential threats from the outside world with Windows being one of the most targeted pieces of software in use.

Protecting a Windows-based computer has generally been done through software such as anti-virus or anti-malware programs that load up during the Windows startup process.

Sophisticated malware that gains access to a computer at the same level as the anti-virus program can disable it, which is why it only goes so far to provide protection.

A computer industry consortium created a hardware approach to improve overall security that is known as TPM.

Trusted Platform Module (TPM)

By providing a security system in the hardware, it makes it much more difficult for malicious code to be successful at the software level.

It’s essentially a chip that is integrated into the hardware that acts as a bit of a gatekeeper. Think of it as a security keypad on the outside of a secured building that acts as the first line of protection.

The code you punch in determines what you can do once you get inside the building and the same holds true automatically via TPM.

The current iteration is called TPM 2.0 and will be required to be in use in order to install or upgrade to Windows 11.

Microsoft has actually been requiring TPM 2.0 to be implemented by computer manufacturers installing Windows 10 since July of 2016.

If your computer is newer than that and came from the manufacturer with Windows 10, TPM is likely already being used.

In some cases, you may have TPM available in your hardware, but it needs to be turned on in the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) and the steps differ depending upon your specific hardware.

If you’re not familiar with accessing and changing settings in the UEFI which replaced the BIOS in older systems, I’d suggest you get some help.

Secure Boot

This is another security feature built into your hardware that only allows approved operating systems to load.

This is designed to prevent malicious code from loading at startup, as the hardware will only hand over control of the computer to an approved operating system.

The most dangerous types of malware in the past tried to take over the computer during the startup process, which is prevented when Secure Boot is activated.

Additional requirements

TPM 2.0 and Secure Boot are not the only requirements to qualify for Windows 11 as your processor will be a big factor as well.

If you have an Intel processor, it will generally need to be 8th generation or newer, which means computers built from mid-2017 or newer.

If you have an AMD processor, it will need to be Ryzen 2nd generation or newer, which means computers built from 2018 or newer.

Compatibility tests

As Microsoft rolls out this free upgrade, you’ll be automatically notified via the Windows Update screen if your machine is compatible.

You can also manually check your computer’s compatibility here

Even if your computer is compatible, we always suggest holding off for a while unless you’re a hobbyist or IT professional that understands the challenges of a new OS.

Data Doctors

FILE - In this Monday, Nov. 18, 2019 file photo, the logo of Google is displayed on a carpet at the...
Ken Colburn, Data Doctors

In need of Gmail storage space cleanup tips? Here are a few to get you started

If you haven’t done much in the past to keep the clutter from building up in your Gmail account, there are a number of places where you can free up valuable storage space.
3 days ago
(Pexels Photo)...
Data Doctors

Here are the latest online shopping tips for 2021

As the holiday seasons drives up purchase volumes, here are the latest online shopping safety tips.
10 days ago
(Pexels Photo)...
Ken Colburn, Data Doctors

Column: Does Windows 11 Need Anti-Virus Software?

With all of the new security features in Windows 11, here's why you should consider security software packages.
17 days ago
(Pixabay Photo)...
Ken Colburn, Data Doctors

What to consider when deciding whether to buy or rent Internet router, modem

There are pros and cons to both sides of the buy-versus-rent an internet modem/router question and there is no single answer for everyone.
24 days ago
(Pixabay Photo)...
Data Doctors

Column: Why computer extended warranties are a waste

When it comes to computers, there are a variety of reasons that buying ‘extra protection’ up front can be a waste of money.
1 month ago
(Unsplash Photo)...
Ken Colburn, Data Doctors

Yes, you can take presentable astronomy photos on phone camera

While serious astrophotography requires a pile of expensive DSLR camera equipment, you can actually get decent images from your smartphone with a little work.
1 month ago

Sponsored Articles

...
Sanderson Ford

Sanderson Ford offers cars and deals for all this holiday season

Sanderson Ford’s No! Vember Black Friday sale is giving an opportunity to purchase a new 2021 vehicle just in time for the holiday season.
...
PNC BANK

How your family can explore the Musical Instrument Museum

Whether you want to spend a day with family, do crafts with kids at home, or have an adult night out, the Musical Instrument Museum in Phoenix has options. As the world’s only global musical instrument museum, MIM offers interactive and immersive exhibits to foster an appreciation of different cultures and their instruments. “A visit […]
...
Day & Night Air Conditioning, Heating and Plumbing

Why fall maintenance is important for your heating system and A/C

It’s easy to ignore your heater and air conditioner when they’re working but the moment something breaks, you will likely regret not keeping up with maintenance. After all, if something goes wrong, you may be stuck with a repair that will take longer and be more expensive than simple maintenance.
This is what you need to know about security for Windows 11