At climate summit, Brazil’s Lula promises new day for Amazon

Nov 16, 2022, 10:19 AM | Updated: 11:17 pm
People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow r...

People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)

(AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)

SHARM el-SHEIKH, Egypt (AP) — Six weeks before taking power, Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva on Wednesday told cheering crowds at the U.N. climate conference that he would crack down on illegal deforestation in the Amazon, revive relationships with countries that finance forest protection efforts and push to host an upcoming world climate summit in the rainforest.

In two appearances, da Silva laid out a vision for management of the world’s largest rainforest, critical to fighting climate change, that was in stark contrast to that of President Jair Bolsonaro, whose administration witnessed some of the most rapid cutting of forests in decades.

“There will be no climate security if the Amazon isn’t protected,” said da Silva, adding that all crimes in the forest, from illegal logging to mining, would be cracked down on “without respite.”

Brazilian presidents have a wide range of powers when it comes to monitoring and regulating the Amazon. The Ministry of Environment oversees the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources, known as Ibama, which patrols the forests. Federal police work across Brazil, including in states with large forest areas, and the armed forces can also be deployed.

Bolsonaro, who pushed development both in his pro-business rhetoric and policies, made several moves that weakened protections. For example, he appointed forest managers from the agribusiness sector, which opposes the creation of protected areas such as Indigenous territories and pushes for the legalization of land robbing.

Many Brazil experts have argued those changes opened the door to widespread criminality: the deforested area in Brazil’s Amazon reached a 15-year high from August 2020 to July 2021, according to official figures. Satellite monitoring shows the trend this year is on track to surpass last year.

The Amazon rainforest, which covers parts of several nations in South America, combats climate change by absorbing large amounts of carbon dioxide. It’s also home to some of the planet’s most unique animals and plants, along with tribes that have lived in the forest for thousands of years.

The appearance at COP27 of da Silva, who made an extraordinary political comeback after being convicted of corruption and jailed a few years ago, lent both symbolic and practical weight to discussions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and help developing nations confront the impacts of climate change. That’s because da Silva oversaw large reductions in deforestation as president between 2003 and 2010.

“Lula! Lula! Lula!” chanted the crowd before his first appearance in the morning, using the name Brazilians universally use for the former president.

In that meeting, da Silva met with several Brazilian governors, including from important rainforest states like Amazonia and Para. He also argued that the U.N. climate summit in 2025 should be based in the Amazon, so “people who defend the Amazon and defend the climate get to know the region close up.” He said he would pitch the idea to U.N. leadership this week.

During both speeches, da Silva took several swipes at Bolsonaro. Da Silva beat Bolsonaro in October’s elections and will assume power Jan. 1.

“Brazil can’t remain isolated like it was these last four years. (Officials from Brazil) didn’t travel to any other countries, and no other countries traveled to Brazil,” said da Silva.

Da Silva also had some strong words for world leaders. He mentioned a pledge by rich countries, made during the climate conference in 2009, to contribute $100 billion a year to help developing nations adapt to the impacts of climate change. That effort has never been fully funded.

“I don’t know how many representatives of rich countries are here,” said da Silva, pausing to smile and look out at the crowd. “I want to say that my return here is also to collect on what was promised.”

Without giving details, da Silva said his administration would work with the Congo and Indonesia, along with Brazil home to the largest tropical forests in the world. Given the moniker “OPEC of the Forests,” in reference to the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and the way they regulate oil production, Brazilian news reports have said the general idea would be for these three countries to coordinate their negotiating positions and practices on forest management and biodiversity protection. The proposal was initially floated during last year’s climate summit in Glasgow, Scotland, according to the reports.

Despite da Silva’s lofty promises, the task for the incoming administration is huge. While many people, particularly environmentalists and officials at a climate conference like this one celebrate promises to protect the Amazon, Brazilian leaders have traditionally faced huge development pressures. Those pressures come from sectors like agriculture and mining, along with many people who live in the Amazon and feel that it’s for them to decide how the vast area is managed.

There is also the reality that da Silva’s environmental record as president was mixed. Deforestation dropped dramatically during the decade after da Silva took power, with Marina Silva, former childhood rubber-tapper who worked closely with murdered environmentalist Chico Mendes, as environmental minister. But in his second term, da Silva began catering to agribusiness interests, and in 2008 Marina Silva resigned. Marina Silva is also attending COP27 and is a contender for the top environmental job again.

Sassan Saatchi, a NASA scientist and forest expert, said successfully stemming deforestation would require several things, from stronger governance to economic initiatives that gave opportunities to people living in the Amazon.

“There is no one silver bullet,” said Saatchi, attending the climate conference. “The question is how to put those things together.”

Da Silva has several meetings planned with ministers from various countries over the next days.

On Tuesday night, da Silva met with U.S. Climate Envoy John Kerry. On Wednesday, Kerry said he was pleased that da Silva “talked about for once and for all getting it right, pulling people together in order to preserve the Amazon.”

Simone Karipuna, an activist from the Amazon, traveled with several other Indigenous women to Egypt to participate in the summit. Between chants with several other women ahead of one of da Silva’s appearances, Karipuna said she believed challenges could be overcome because Indigenous communities living in the forest could work with da Silva.

“We had no dialogue at all with the current administration,” she said.

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Peter Prengaman, The Associated Press global climate and environment news director, was news director for Brazil between 2016 and 2019. Follow him at Twitter: twitter.com/peterprengaman

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Associated Press climate and environmental coverage receives support from several private foundations. See more about AP’s climate initiative here. The AP is solely responsible for all content.

Copyright © The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.


              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              People watch Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on screen from a packed overflow room as he speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center, leaves after speaking at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva waves as he leaves a session at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
            
              Houses destroyed by sea erosion sit along the water at the Nossa Senhora Aparecida community, on the island of Brique, in the Bailique Archipelago, district of Macapa, state of Amapa, northern Brazil, Saturday, Sept. 10, 2022. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Acai palm trees stands on an island of the Bailique archipelago, district of Macapa, state of Amapa, northern Brazil, Monday, Sept. 12, 2022. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Water flows in at the point where the river meets the sea in the Bailique Archipelago, district of Macapa, state of Amapa, northern Brazil, Monday, Sept. 12, 2022. The Amazon River discharges one-fifth of all the world's freshwater that runs off land surface. Despite that force, the seawater pushed back the river that bathes the archipelago for most of the second half of 2021, leaving thousands scrambling for drinking water. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Small boats move in front of an island where trees have fallen in the Bailique archipelago, district of Macapa, state of Amapa, northern Brazil, Monday, Sept. 12, 2022. The river and the sea push back and forth against each other with different strengths according to the season. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, third from left, speaks at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Ahmed Hatem)
            
              People try to capture visuals of Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, center right, arrives at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)
            
              Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva waves as he arrives at the COP27 U.N. Climate Summit, Wednesday, Nov. 16, 2022, in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)

AP

FILE - This image provided by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) sho...
Associated Press

US plans end to mpox public health emergency in January

WASHINGTON (AP) — The federal government plans to end in January the public health emergency it declared earlier this year after an outbreak of mpox infected more than 29,000 people across the U.S. Mpox cases have plummeted in recent weeks, with just a handful of new infections being reported every week in the month of […]
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Associated Press

Endangered listing for Nevada toad in geothermal power fight

RENO, Nev. (AP) — A tiny Nevada toad at the center of a legal battle over a geothermal power project has officially been declared an endangered species after U.S. wildlife officials temporarily listed it on a rarely-used emergency basis last spring. “This ruling makes final the listing of the Dixie Valley toad,” the U.S. Fish […]
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FILE - Tennessee Valley Authority President Jeffrey Lyash speaks with the Times Free Press from the...
Associated Press

Utility recommends natural gas plant despite objections

NASHVILLE, Tenn. (AP) — The nation’s largest public utility on Friday recommended replacing an aging coal burning power plant with natural gas, ignoring calls for the Tennessee Valley Authority to speed its transition to renewable energy. TVA announced the completion of its environmental impact statement for replacing the Cumberland Fossil Plant near Cumberland City, Tennessee. […]
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Associated Press

How major US stock indexes fared Friday 12/2/2022

Worries about inflation weighed on Wall Street, leaving major indexes mixed after another bumpy day of trading. A government report showing that wage growth accelerated last month spooked investors since it could mean the Federal Reserve will be less able to ease up on its fight against inflation. The yield on the two-year Treasury, which […]
16 hours ago
FILE - Former film producer Harvey Weinstein appears in court at the Clara Shortridge Foltz Crimina...
Associated Press

Jury to begin deliberations at Harvey Weinstein rape trial

LOS ANGELES (AP) — The jury has received the case and are set to begin deliberations Friday afternoon in the Los Angeles trial of Harvey Weinstein. Jurors will have to decide on two rape counts and five other sexual assault counts after hearing more than four weeks of evidence in the trial of the 70-year-old […]
16 hours ago
Associated Press

Marvell, Veeva fall; Smartsheet, PagerDuty rise

NEW YORK (AP) — Stocks that traded heavily or had substantial price changes Friday: Marvell Technology Inc., down 68 cents to $44.72. The chipmaker gave investors a weak financial forecast. UiPath Inc., up $1.61 to $14.53. The enterprise automation software developer reported strong third-quarter earnings and revenue. Veeva Systems Inc., down $16.52 to $174.90. The […]
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