French standoff ends with suspect shot in the head

Mar 22, 2012, 11:19 PM

Associated Press

TOULOUSE, France (AP) – Inspired by radical Islam and trained in Afghanistan, the gunman methodically killed French schoolchildren, a rabbi and paratroopers and faced down hundreds of police for 32 hours. Then he leapt out a window as he rained down gunfire and was fatally shot in the head.

France will not be the same after Mohamed Merah, whose deeds and death Thursday could change how authorities track terrorists, determine whether French Muslims face new stigmas and even influence who becomes the next French president.

The top priority for investigators now is determining whether Merah, who claimed allegiance to al-Qaida, was the kind of lone-wolf terrorist that intelligence agencies find particularly hard to trace, or part of a network of homegrown militants operating quietly in French housing projects, unbeknownst to police.

Either way, French authorities are facing difficult questions after acknowledging that Merah, a 23-year-old Frenchman of Algerian descent, had been under surveillance for years and that his travels to Afghanistan and Pakistan were known to French intelligence _ yet he wasn’t stopped before he started his killing spree on March 11. Merah had been on a U.S. no-fly list since 2010.

“One can ask the question whether there was a failure or not,” French Foreign Minister Alain Juppe said on Europe 1 radio. “We need to bring some clarity to this.”

Three Jewish schoolchildren, a rabbi and three paratroopers died in France’s worst Islamist terrorist violence since a wave of attacks in the 1990s by Algerian extremists.

Merah filmed all three attacks, Prosecutor Francois Molins said Thursday, and claimed to have posted them online.

“You killed my brother; I kill you,” he said in the video of the first attack, in which one French paratrooper died, Molins said. “Allah Akbar,” (God is Great), he declared during the second, when two more soldiers were killed.

The prosecutor said Merah told police he wanted to “bring France to its knees.”

“While the facts concerning the three killings have been clearly elucidated, and Mohamed Merah carries full responsibility, the investigations are not finished,” he said.

Authorities are trying to determine whether Merah’s 29-year-old brother, Abdelkader, was involved, and are searching for accomplices who might have encouraged Merah to kill or furnished the means to do so, Molins said.

Merah espoused a radical form of Islam and had been to Afghanistan and the Pakistani militant stronghold of Waziristan, where he claimed to have received training from al-Qaida. He also had a long record of petty crimes in France for which he served time in prison, and prosecutors said he started to radicalize behind bars.

Merah told negotiators he killed to avenge the deaths of Palestinian children and to protest the French army’s involvement in Afghanistan as well as France’ law against the Islamic face veil.

Police detained his mother and brother and surrounded Merah’s building soon after 3 a.m. Wednesday. They tried to detain Merah but were rebuffed by a volley of gunfire from his second-floor apartment in a calm residential area of Toulouse.

For the next day and a half, the police, the neighborhood and the nation waited.

Barricaded inside with no water, electricity or gas, Merah at first promised to surrender, but kept postponing the move. Finally, he declared he would not go without a fight, the prosecutor said. Police were determined to take him alive, and tried to wait him out.

Near midnight Wednesday, the detonations began, as police set off blasts to pressure him to emerge and blew the shutters off a window. Through the night they continued.

Merah stopped talking to negotiators, Interior Minister Claude Gueant said, and suspicions surfaced that the gunman could have committed suicide.

Then around 11:30 a.m., police commandoes moved in, entering through the door and windows, Gueant said. Merah was in the last room they checked: the bathroom.

He burst through the door firing a Colt .45, then jumped out a window “with a weapon in his hand, continuing to shoot,” Gueant said.

In the gunfight, he was shot in the head, Molins said. He said the police acted in self-defense after some 30 bullets had been fired. An autopsy was conducted Thursday but the results weren’t immediately released.

Three members of the elite squad were wounded Thursday, bringing the total of injured officers throughout the standoff to five.

Merah, lying on the ground after his death, was wearing a flak jacket and black djellabah robe.

The SITE Intelligence Group, which monitors Internet messages, reported Thursday that a little-known jihadist group had claimed responsibility for the attacks in France. Jund al-Khilafah issued a statement saying “Yusuf of France” led an attack Monday, the day of the Jewish school shootings, it said. There was no independent confirmation of the claim.

A top French counterterrorism official, speaking on condition of anonymity because of office protocol, said the claim of responsibility could be “opportunistic” but authorities were looking into it.

Merah’s mother’s computer was a critical link in tracking Merah down. His brother had already been linked to Iraqi Islamist networks.

Merah told investigators where to find a bag with the videos of the killings, as well as a car with a stash of arms, including an automatic Sten pistol, a revolver, a pump-action rifle and an Uzi submachine gun. Ingredients for Molotov cocktails were stashed on the apartment balcony. Inside the apartment were three empty ammunition clips, a pot packed with pieces of ammunition and a Colt .45 with a near-empty clip.

More than 200 special investigators had worked to track him down.

French President Nicolas Sarkozy, speaking in Paris, announced tough new measures to combat terrorism. He said anyone who regularly visits websites that “support terrorism or call for hate or violence will be punished by the law.” He also promised a crackdown on anyone who goes abroad “for the purposes of indoctrination in terrorist ideology.”

Sarkozy appealed to citizens not to equate the violent acts of extremists with France’s estimated 5 million Muslims. Muslim leaders urged against any backlash against believers.

“Our Muslim compatriots had nothing to do with the crazy motive of a terrorist,” Sarkozy said, noting that Muslim paratroopers were among those killed.

Sarkozy had alienated some Muslims with his push to ban Islamic face veils and by fanning debate about halal meat, and his strict immigration policies.

Now, he may see his political fortunes improve due to this week’s dramatic events.

He has made tough security measures a hallmark of his politics, reminding supporters at a campaign rally Thursday that he wants a “regime of authority and firmness.”

Socialist Francois Hollande has long been the pollster’s favorite to unseat the conservative Sarkozy, but Hollande has little in the way of security credentials.

Algerian media expressed concern that the attacks would set off a new wave of anti-Islamic and anti-Algerian sentiment in France and rushed to disavow any connections between Merah’s actions and his origins and religion.

Cathy Fontaine, 43, who runs a beauty salon near the building where the standoff unfolded, said, “When these sorts of things happen, you don’t say, ‘how did this happen in my neighborhood?’ You say, ‘how did this happen in my city, in France, anywhere?'”

She said around 4 a.m., she got up, put on makeup and decided she would open her shop, despite the unfolding drama nearby.

Recalling Merah’s threat to bring France’s to its knees, she said: “He didn’t bring France to its knees. France has to get up and get to work.”


Angela Charlton, Jamey Keaten, Elaine Ganley, Thomas Adamson, Cecile Brisson and Sylvie Corbet contributed to this report.

(Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.)

World News

(Photo by John Phillips/Getty Images for BoF VOICES)...
Associated Press

Vivienne Westwood, influential fashion maverick, dies at 81

Vivienne Westwood, an influential fashion maverick who played a key role in the punk movement, died Thursday at 81.
1 month ago
FILE - British Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks during his first Cabinet meeting flanked by his ...
Associated Press

Rishi Sunak: UK’s ex-Treasury chief gets his shot at PM job

LONDON (AP) — Rishi Sunak ran for Britain’s top job and lost. Then he got another shot — and the chance to say “I told you so.” The former U.K. Treasury chief was runner-up to Liz Truss in the contest to replace the scandal-plagued Boris Johnson as Conservative Party leader and prime minister. But Truss […]
3 months ago
Britain's Prime Minister Liz Truss addresses the media in Downing Street in London, Thursday, Oct. ...
Associated Press

Truss quits, but UK’s political and economic turmoil persist

LONDON (AP) — British Prime Minister Liz Truss quit Thursday after a tumultuous and historically brief term marred by economic policies that roiled financial markets and a rebellion in her political party that obliterated her authority. After just 45 days in office, Truss became the third Conservative prime minister to be toppled in as many […]
4 months ago
People receive medical treatment at the scene of Russian shelling, in Kyiv, Ukraine, Monday, Oct. 1...
Associated Press

Russia unleashes biggest attacks in Ukraine in months

KYIV, Ukraine (AP) — Russia retaliated Monday for an attack on a critical bridge by unleashing its most widespread strikes against Ukraine in months, a lethal barrage that smashed civilian targets, knocked out power and water, shattered buildings and killed at least 14 people. Ukraine’s Emergency Service said nearly 100 people were wounded in the […]
4 months ago
This illustration made available by Johns Hopkins APL and NASA depicts NASA's DART probe, upper rig...
Associated Press

NASA spacecraft smashes into asteroid for defense test

A NASA spacecraft rammed an asteroid at blistering speed Monday in an unprecedented dress rehearsal for the day a killer rock menaces Earth.
4 months ago
Associated Press

At least 9 killed as Iran protests over woman’s death spread

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) — Clashes between Iranian security forces and protesters angry over the death of a 22-year-old woman in police custody have killed at least nine people since the violence erupted over the weekend, according to a tally Thursday by The Associated Press. The scope of Iran’s ongoing unrest, the worst in […]
5 months ago

Sponsored Articles

Day & Night Air Conditioning, Heating and Plumbing

Company looking for oldest air conditioner and wants to reward homeowner with new one

Does your air conditioner make weird noises or a burning smell when it starts? If so, you may be due for an AC unit replacement.
(Pexels Photo)...

Sports gambling can be fun for adults, but it’s a dangerous game for children

While adults may find that sports gambling is a way to enhance the experience with more than just fandom on the line, it can be a dangerous proposition if children get involved in the activity.
(Desert Institute for Spine Care photo)...

Why DISC is world renowned for back and neck pain treatments

Fifty percent of Americans and 90% of people at least 50 years old have some level of degenerative disc disease.
French standoff ends with suspect shot in the head