TOPEKA, Kan. — Kansas and Arizona officials filed a federal lawsuit on
Wednesday in an attempt to force a federal elections agency to change its voter
registration forms to compel proof of citizenship.
It is the latest legal effort in a nationwide battle by states seeking to crack
down on voter fraud by making it harder for non-U.S. citizens to gain access to
the ballot box.
The lawsuit was filed in federal court in Topeka and seeks to force the
Elections Assistance Commission to modify federal voter registration forms to
require documents proving citizenship. Currently the forms only require an
applicant to make an oath affirming citizenship.
In Kansas, the change would bring the federal application process in line with
the state’s rules. Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach and his Arizona
counterparts have been active in seeking to tighten voter registration laws,
including passage of laws that require applicants to show proof of citizenship
when registering to vote.
“Voting is the most cherished right of a U.S. citizenship,” Kobach said. “We
take seriously our obligation to protect that right and to secure that right and
to guard it close so that only citizens may exercise the right to vote.”
The high court ruled 7-2 that the Arizona law is pre-empted by the federal
voter registration law, and the majority noted that the U.S. Constitution allows
Congress to “make or alter” state rules on the times, places and manner of
elections for federal offices.
Kobach maintains the ruling has no effect on the Kansas law, though the two are
The Kansas proof-of-citizenship law applies when people register to vote in the
state for the first time, requiring them to provide a birth certificate,
passport or other documents. Elections officials must accept the registration
application but residents wouldn’t be eligible to vote until they provide proof
The Arizona statute said that election officials must reject any voter
registration application that is not accompanied by proof of citizenship. The
Supreme Court said that rule added a requirement for using a federal
registration form not imposed by Congress.
Arizona Attorney General Tom Horne said the Supreme Court told states they
could file an action with the courts if the EAC lacked enough members to act on
its own, or if executive director Alice Miller didn’t approve a state’s request
“She’s denied our request and that’s exactly what we’re doing,” Horne said.
“I fully expect us to be successful based on the Supreme Court decision. The
reason it’s important is because we want citizens to vote and we don’t want
illegal aliens to vote.”
Dale Ho, director of the American Civil Liberties Union’s Voting Rights
Project, said he wasn’t surprised the lawsuit was filed, noting that the case
would do nothing for the some 15,000 residents who have applied to register to
vote in Kansas whose applications are in suspense.
“This is ridiculous. Instead of fixing the problem he’s suing the federal
government,” Ho said.
The ACLU has informed Kobach in a letter that it considers Kansas in violation
of a federal election law requiring states to allow people to register to vote
at their driver’s license offices. The residents are in “suspense” because
they filled out registration forms but election officials haven’t yet received a
birth certificate, passport or other acceptable document.
The lawsuit was assigned to U.S. District Judge Eric Melgren, a former U.S
Attorney for Kansas who was appointed to the bench by President George W. Bush.
Kobach said the lawsuit was filed in Kansas for financial reasons since his
office will do most of the work on the case. Other options would have been to
file it in Arizona or the federal court in the District of Columbia.
Paul Bender, a constitutional law professor at Arizona State University, said
Arizona and Kansas will likely have an uphill battle convincing a court to order
the commission to grant what the states are seeking. He said the issue is
whether the states need the requirement to show proof of citizenship for voter
registrations in order to administer its voter qualification standards.
“I think the state has a very weak position there, because I am not aware of
any proof they have that the failure to require proof a citizenship when you
register to vote has resulted in any non-citizen voting.” Bender said.
Kobach said there had been a handful of instances where noncitizens tried to
vote, including one case where an individual voted illegally five times during
one election in southwest Kansas.
Associated Press reporter Bob Christie in Phoenix contributed to this report.