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Western group submits proposal for nuclear power

YAKIMA, Wash. — A consortium of Western utilities and a nuclear reactor
designer have submitted a proposal to the U.S. Department of Energy to build a
small nuclear reactor to meet future demand for carbon-free power.

The proposal seeks millions of dollars in grant money to walk the project
through the vigorous licensing and permitting process, which takes years. The
earliest a reactor would be built is likely 2023.

Among those participating: Energy Northwest, a public-power consortium that
operates the only commercial nuclear power plant in the Northwest and was once
party to the largest municipal bond default in U.S. history over a failed
project to build five nuclear reactors in the 1980s.

Energy Northwest has previously floated the prospect of increasing its nuclear
power generation among its 27 member public utilities and municipalities. The
idea has stalled in the past due to the high financial investment required and
the pushback against nuclear power in one of the country’s most environmentally
conscious regions.

This time around, Energy Northwest has partnered with the Utah Associated
Municipal Power Systems (which provides power to some Arizona communities) and modular reactor designer NuScale Power, based in
Corvallis, Ore. The utilities have offered no money up front, but will assist
with the permitting process and retain the first rights to build a project
should it get approved.

Energy Northwest, which already has experience operating a nuclear facility,
also has the first right to operate a reactor if one is built, under the

The grant proposal is a win-win for the utilities: They’re not out a dime but
still benefit from the opportunity to learn more about the process, further the
development of the modular concept and position themselves to be first, maybe
second, to benefit from such a project, said Mike McGough, NuScale Power’s chief
commercial officer.

At some point, there will need to be additional power generation in the region,
and Energy Northwest is trying to be positioned to support that in a technical
and financially responsible manner, Vice President Dale Atkinson said.

“We’re trying to do what we can to help the advancement of that technology and
have the option, should the demand support development in Washington state as
part of the energy mix,” he said.

Last year, the Energy Department made $452 million available to companies
exploring nuclear technology that can be delivered in modules, which cost far
less to build than a traditional, full-scale reactor. The department awarded a
$150 million grant to Babcock and Wilcox and now is seeking additional

NuScale Power previously was the recipient of a $3 million Energy Department
grant to explore modular technology, where the reactor sits in one container
with no coolant pumps, piping or pressurized vessels required.

The new grant money would be used for the permitting and licensing process with
the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, McGough said.

Traditional nuclear reactors take 10 years to build and cost more than $10
billion to build, he said, while NuScale’s 45-megawatt modular reactor could be
built in three years at a price of $2.5 billion.

The Utah Associated Municipal Power Systems is a governmental agency that also
provides wholesale electric energy to community-owned power systems in Utah, California, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon and Wyoming.

Energy Northwest, based in Richland, operates hydro, wind and solar projects,
as well as the 1,150-megawatt Columbia Generating Station — the only commercial
nuclear power plant in the Northwest — for its 27 member utilities and
municipalities in Washington.

The nuclear plant generates 3 percent of the region’s power, but it didn’t come
without a struggle. The plant was the only one to survive a proposal for five
nuclear power plants in the 1980s — a collapse that spawned what was then the
largest municipal bond default in U.S. history. The fiasco forced Energy
Northwest to change its name from the Washington Public Power Supply System, or
WPPSS, which came to be known as “whoops.”

Consumers continue to pay for the project’s collapse in their power bills,
though the region has relied on relatively cheap power from hydroelectric dams
for decades. Regional utilities have been working to broaden their electricity
generation both to meet increasing demand and renewable energy standards.


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