PHOENIX — A Republican-sponsored bill barring enforcement of new federal
guns laws sparked passionate debate in an Arizona Senate committee that
ultimately passed the bill Wednesday.
The party-line vote moved the first of several anti-gun control bills
introduced in the Legislature to the floor on the same day the U.S. Congress
heard a plea from former U.S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords to pass new gun control
The bill co-sponsored by state Sen. Don Shooter, four other senators and
several members of the House of Representatives would bar enforcement of new
federal laws affecting semi-automatic firearms or high-capacity magazines. It
also makes any federal official trying to enforce such laws guilty of a felony
and allows the state Attorney General to defend anyone prosecuted for violating
federal gun laws if the gun was made in Arizona, among other provisions.
Wednesday’s Senate Public Safety Committee debate pitted minority Democrats who
believe the bill is unconstitutional against Republicans opposed to what they
call an overreaching federal government. An identical bill has been introduced
in the House, which also has seen several other gun-related bills introduced
since the session began Jan 14.
The bills were prompted by President Barack Obama’s push to reinstate an
assault weapons ban and ban high-capacity magazines in the wake of December’s
school shooting in Connecticut.
Rep. Eddie Ableser, D-Tempe, set off the fireworks with his sharp questioning
of principal bill sponsor Sen. Kelli Ward, R-Lake Havasu City, who said
“basically it is a statement because I am very impassioned about Arizona state
“I believe the federal government has taken liberties that they are not at
liberty to take, especially in encroaching on our Second Amendment rights,”
Ableser called the bill a waste of time and asked exactly how a local law
enforcement officer was going to stop a federal agent from enforcing the law.
That’s prompted Shooter to interrupt.
“The country is called the United States, it’s not called the federal
government,” Shooter said. “The states are sovereign.”
The debate in the committee room echoed similar ones in several statehouses.
Opponents of more federal gun control have introduced nearly identical bills in
states including Wyoming, where a bill served as a template for the one
introduced here. They’ve been prompted by worries among some conservatives that
Obama may take executive action to ban some weapons.
In fact, a series of executive orders Obama issued Jan. 16 did not try to ban
any guns or ammunition but mainly addressed health care rules, gun tracing and
background checks and school safety. Obama’s proposals that would outlaw new
assault rifle sales and limit magazine size require congressional action.
If passed in both chambers and signed by Gov. Jan Brewer, the bill considered
Wednesday would likely set up Arizona for another fight with the federal
government, like that it faced when it passed SB1070, the state’s crackdown on
illegal immigration. The federal government ultimately sued, arguing federal law
was supreme, and most of the major parts of the law were declared
unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court.
Sen. Chester Crandell, the committee chairman, acknowledged as much.
“Eventually this whole gun discussion of Second Amendment rights is going to
be taken to the Supreme Court,” he said. “Because it’s not just an issue here