WASHINGTON — The U.S.-Mexico border holds a huge opportunity for increased trade and job creation, but it has become increasingly difficult to develop those opportunities since 2000, experts said Friday.
Increased security has caused a “thickening” of the border, handicapping businesses and tourists with long delays, said Christopher Wilson of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.
“Border friction costs us,” Wilson said. “We don’t have to give up security to get efficiency, or efficiency to get security.”
He was one of a group of panelists from the government, academic and private sectors who met Friday at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce in advance of a series of visits to key border sites next week.
The five days of visits, beginning Monday, will include meetings with public officials and businesses on both sides of the border, to get a close-up look at how trade actually happens each day along the 2,000-mile Southwest boundary.
“The Mexico border region is one of the wealthiest areas on the planet, maybe the fourth-largest economy in the world,” said Erik Lee, associate director of the North American Center for Transborder Studies at Arizona State University.
But Lee and Wilson, who co-authored a report on transborder economics that was released last week, said there are numerous obstacles to developing that economy.
On top of stepped-up security efforts, Wilson said, deteriorating roads, bridges and ports of entry have added hours to the time it takes businesses and tourists to cross. Those delays have caused some business to move operations to Asia, according to their report.
“We are way behind in constructing infrastructure to facilitate trade along the U.S.-Mexico border,” said Lee, adding that there is as much as $6 billion in backlogged maintenance to that infrastructure.
He said U.S. manufacturing, tourism and retail businesses would feel a significant boost if the infrastructure were brought up to par.
Wilson also said there is a greater need for “security intelligence” and a voluntary trusted-traveler program for frequent border crossers. He pointed out that 85 percent of Mexican tourists come through land ports of entry.
“A border trusted-traveler program can shrink the haystack that border agents have to sift through, with intelligence offered voluntarily,” Wilson said.
Since the implementation in 1994 of the North American Free Trade Agreement, bilateral trade has grown to a half-trillion dollars per year, and created 6 million U.S. jobs in states as far as away as New Hampshire, according to their report.
Wilson said that Mexico and the U.S. do not just trade goods, “we build products together.” A Ford car, for example, crosses the border seven times during manufacture before it is finished, Wilson said.
“We gain and lose competitiveness together [and] we need a border that functions well … the way that economy is now structured,” he said.
Lee said another reason to focus on improving cross-border trade efficiencies is Mexico’s currently strong economy. It grew at 4 percent last quarter alone, he said.
“Mexico’s economy for the foreseeable future will most likely be growing faster than the U.S. economy,” Lee said.
He said Texas dominates U.S.-Mexico trade, and two of the seven border sites the group plans to visit next week will be in Texas.
“For 2011, Texas had $179 billion of two-way trade with Mexico, which is a record,” Lee said.
Friday’s panel said the problems need a fresh approach. The hope is that the border visits will help find new solutions.
“Trade is very detail oriented,” Lee said. “I’m hoping to learn more about El Paso’s challenges and a little bit more about the Texas genius for cross-border trade with Mexico.”
- 6 tips to create the best family movie night
- New bone marrow procedure holds promise for healing pain
- The best places to celebrate Fall in Phoenix
- Infamous athletes who did the most time for their crimes
- Diet, exercise and aspirin: 3 tools to fight colon cancer
- 2016 baseball highlights, bloopers and blunders
- See how CFOs really feel about business in the Valley
- The best television shows on the internet
- A preseason guide to avoid holiday weight gain
- The 5 worst things you could do for your roof
- 6 coolest things brewing in Arizona
- The virus that keeps head and neck cancers on the rise
- State Fair ‘Kid Reporter’ has all the angles covered
- 4 important things to know about timeshare maintenance fees
- Signs of delayed car crash injuries
- The truth about sports concussions
- The Alzheimer's epidemic: Facts you need to know
- The season is here, keep your Fantasy Football team strong all season
- 8 TV shows you can't miss this fall
- Football is here: 6 tips to make this your best season ever
- Gameday recipes and beers to match
- 6 reasons the Cardinals are driven to win the Super Bowl
- The Pac-12 football season nears kickoff
- Tips to get ready for a pain-free golf season
- Protect your family with these 7 home security features
- How to train like an Olympic swimmer
- 2016 Olympics: A guide to must-see TV events
- The bride's guide to feeling your best on your wedding day
- Deciding when you need knee surgery
- Celebrating Fourth of July is much cooler in these AZ towns